Balfegó competitive advantages
Extraction of tuna at the optimal fat point.
The Atlantic bluefin tuna, scientifically named Thunnus Thynnus, belongs to the Scombridae family. It is the largest species of tuna and can reach up to three metres in length and 600 kg in weight.
Bluefin tunas have long, rounded, spindle-like bodies covered in scales. They have large heads and their eyes, compared to other tuna species, are small. Their colouring is deep blue above and silver below. The first dorsal fin is yellowish or bluish in colour, the second is reddish or brownish; the anal fin and pinnules are dark yellow with white rims. These tunas are distinguished by their very short pectoral fins and by a second dorsal fin that is longer than the first. Another stand-out fact is that the bluefin tuna’s body structure makes it a very efficient swimmer.
The bluefin tuna is a migratory species that migrates to seek food and to reproduce. During these migrations, they endure large changes in water temperature, which they can tolerate thanks to their endothermic abilities that help them maintain stable body temperatures.
Bluefin tuna is a schooling and pelagic species, meaning it lives far from land. They can be found both near the surface of the sea and at great depths of up to 1000 meters.
They inhabit the pelagic ecosystem of the entire North Atlantic and its adjacent waters, mainly the Mediterranean Sea.
Their main food sources are fish (primarily herring, anchovies, sardines, Atlantic horse mackerel and mackerel), crustaceans and cephalopods.